Microbiology, which undertakes the task of investigating microbes, which play an important role in the lives of people in general, is the branch of science that studies micro-organisms, ie microbes. Bacteria, viruses, protists, protozoa, primitive algae and primitive fungi, as well as micro-organisms such as yeasts and moulds are the main subject areas investigated by microbiology.

The microbiology department is a department that enables the diagnosis of diseases caused by micro-organisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi, and is a speciality that provides the most appropriate treatment according to the variety of diagnosed diseases. The microbiology department, which has an important place in human health and medicine, is a science that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases.

Some Microbiological Investigations Performed in Our Laboratories:

For culture Blood (haemoculture), sterile body fluids (pleural, pericardial, peritoneal fluids, CSF), upper respiratory samples (throat swab, tongue, nasal, nasal swab), lower respiratory tract samples (sputum, tracheal aspiration fluids) wound and soft tissue samples, Gastrointestinal system samples (stool, rectal swab etc.), genital samples (vaginal swab, urethral discharge, cervical swab), eye and conjunctival swab, ear wound and discharge, surgical tissues are taken. These samples are sown on media, and after the identification of the bacteria grown, they are taken for antibiogram examination. For semen (semen), culture-antibiogram or spermiogram is performed according to the need.

Serological and agglutination tests are performed for some diseases (e.g. Gruber-Widal tests for typhoid, Eliza, Coombs, Wright tests for Brucella).
ELIZA tests are performed from serological tests for virus diseases.

For example; Hepatitis viruses: A, B, C, D, E, anti-HAV, anti-HBs, HBSAg, Anti-HCV, Anti-HEV, Sy (Syphilis), HSV, Rubella (measles), HIV, CMV, EMN (Monotest).

Various microscopic examinations and cultures are performed for fungal species such as Trichophyton, Epidermophyton, Microsporium, which infect hair, skin and nails.

In the investigation of parasite infections, faeces, rectal cellophane slides, blood and skin samples are examined. Amoeba (E. Histolitica), Giardia, Rotavirus antigen, Helicobacter pylori antigen in faeces are searched; especially viruses causing diarrhoea in children (enteric Adenovirus) and RSV antigen search tests, which are important respiratory tract pathogens of children, are performed.

Our laboratory also serves with various microbiological panels within the framework of “Check-up” (health screening) service.

In addition to the sensitivity of the methods applied for the correct diagnosis of infectious diseases, some basic rules must be followed in taking the clinical samples to be examined and sending them to the laboratory.

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