Infectious Diseases Areas of Interest

Infectious Diseases Areas of Interest

Such diseases are caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites that settle in the body. Transmission of such disease-spreading creatures from person to person can occur in many ways such as breathing, blood, and body fluids. Depending on the type of disease, treatment may include medication or surgery. In general, diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites show symptoms such as fever, diarrhea, muscle aches, cough and fatigue. If these symptoms occur, it is necessary to consult a specialist.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

The main sexually transmitted diseases are HIV, AIDS, Hepatitis B and gonorrhea. Apart from these diseases, there are also sexually transmitted diseases, but the most risky groups are the groups where these diseases are present. The most effective way to protect against sexually transmitted diseases is monogamy as well as protection. Although methods such as condom use are effective against sexually transmitted diseases, they are not a definitive solution. There is a risk of transmission of cold sores or warts despite the use of condoms. Considering these risks, it is necessary to take precautions to avoid diseases during sexual intercourse.


Although HIV and AIDS can settle in different parts of the body as a result of sexual intercourse, they are the main diseases that show their main effects on the immune system. Contrary to popular belief, these viruses do not cause a risk of death in the individual when they settle in the body. The real risk of death is the weakening of the immune system of individuals and the body becoming vulnerable. If individuals infected with HIV and AIDS viruses catch even a simple flu disease, they are at risk of death due to influenza due to their weak immune systems. In order to protect against these diseases, it is necessary to take precautions and not to neglect routine hospital check-ups.

Types of Hepatitis (Jaundice)

Jaundice is a condition caused by yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes. This condition can occur as a result of many diseases. There are three different types: hepatocellular jaundice, obstructive jaundice and hemolytic jaundice. It is diagnosed by measuring the bilirubin level in the blood. The main goal in the treatment of the disease is to reduce the bilirubin level. The disease is treated by lowering the bilirubin level in the blood.

Typhoid, Brucellosis, Tuberculosis and Similar Diseases

These diseases are bacterial diseases transmitted from animals to humans. While it can be transmitted by consuming animal products that have the disease, it is also possible for these diseases to be transmitted to humans by contact with a sick animal. The general symptoms of the disease are fever, body aches, loss of appetite and long-term weight loss. It is important to consult a specialist when these symptoms appear. Because early diagnosis and initiation of antibiotic treatment can ensure that diseases are treated before they cause more serious problems.

Urinary Tract Infections

Bacteria are not found in the urine of a healthy individual. If any bacteria is found in the urine and urinary tract, this indicates a urinary tract infection. From time to time, bacteria found outside the body can reach the urinary tract and cause urinary tract infections. In such cases, the kidney, urinary tract, urethra and bladder are affected by these bacteria. The most common symptoms are frequent urination, burning and pain during evacuation, fever and fatigue. Patients with these symptoms are treated with antibiotics if a urinary tract infection is diagnosed.

Flu and Other Respiratory Infections

Cold, flu, sinusitis, migraine and tonsillitis are among the respiratory infections. These diseases occur in many individuals during seasonal transitions. The most common symptoms of these diseases are headache, breathing difficulty and fever. If any of these symptoms occur, it is necessary to consult a specialist. When deemed necessary by the specialist, diseases are treated with painkillers as well as antibiotic treatment.


Diarrhea is defined as passing more than three liquid stools in a day or more liquid stools than normal in breastfed babies. Depending on the age of the individual, it is possible to experience fever, vomiting or headache along with diarrhea. The most effective way of transmission is through contact with feces through mouth or hands. This is a very possible way in today’s modern life. Drinking water of unknown origin can also cause diarrhea. Since the individual with diarrhea will lose a lot of fluid, the most effective treatment method is to consume plenty of fluids and eat foods of certain origin.

Brain and Spinal Cord Infections (Meningitis, Encephalitis, etc.)

Brain and spinal cord infections are defined as inflammation of the brain, the membranes surrounding the brain, or both simultaneously. The cause of these infections may be caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses or parasites. Early diagnosis is important in the treatment of these infections, as in other infections. Depending on the progression of the disease, surgical methods may be used in addition to antibiotic treatment.

Diabetic Foot Infections

Foot infections are seen in many diabetic patients and are one of the most serious diseases that require hospital treatment. Although antibiotic treatment is possible in cases of early diagnosis, it may lead to limb loss in later cases. Diabetic foot infections increase the risk factor in men, long-term diabetes and overweight conditions. Therefore, it is very important to consult a specialist for early diagnosis.

Soft Tissue Infections

Soft tissue infections are among the most common infections. Pain and fever in the infected tissue are the most important symptoms. Blood tests are performed to diagnose soft tissue infections and treatment with antibiotics is recommended when necessary. If you have any of the above infectious diseases or are experiencing symptoms that you may have one of them; You can immediately contact our Infectious Diseases and Microbiology clinics and undergo examination by our specialist physicians. Since early diagnosis and intervention in infectious diseases is of great importance for the success of treatment, you can prevent the occurrence of more serious problems and protect your health by starting your treatment process as soon as possible.